May. 09, 2012
NewsScientific News

Piezoelectric Nanocomposite for Power Generation

  • Nanocomposite generator produces electricity. Credit: KAISTNanocomposite generator produces electricity. Credit: KAIST

A piezoelectric nanocomposite material that successfully overcomes the critical restrictions that existed in previous nanogenerators has been developed by a research team from KAIST (Korea). A simple, low-cost, and large-scale self-powered energy system was build. The team produced a piezoelectric nanocomposite by mixing piezoelectric nanoparticles with carbon-based nanomaterials.

The team of Professor Keon Jae Lee from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KAIST, has developed new forms of low cost, large-area nanogenerator technology using the piezoelectric ceramic nanoparticles. Piezoelectric effects-based nanogenerator technology that converts existing sources of nonpolluting energies, such as vibrational and mechanical energy from the nature of wind and waves, into infinite electrical energy is drawing immense interest in the next-generation energy harvesting technology. However, previous nanogenerator technologies have limitations such as complicated process, high-cost, and size-related restrictions.

The team produced a piezoelectric nanocomposite by mixing piezoelectric nanoparticles with carbon-based nanomaterials (carbon nanotubes and reduced graphene oxide) in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix and fabricated the nanocomposite generator by the simple process of spin-casting or bar-coating method. Watch the process in this video.

Professor Zhong Lin Wang from Georgia Institute of Technology, who is the inventor of the nanogenerator, thinks that this exciting result introduces for the first time a nanocomposite material into the self-powered energy system. Therefore it can expand the feasibility of a nanogenerator in consumer electronics, ubiquitous sensor networks, and wearable clothes.

Original Publication:
Park K.-I.

et al.: Flexible Nanocomposite Generator Made of BaTiO3 Nanoparticles and Graphitic Carbons, Adv. Mater. (2012), DOI: 10.1002/adma.201200105

 

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