Shanghai Ranking 2011: Harvard University Tops the List
The Center for World-Class Universities of Shanghai Jiao Tong University released the 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), marking its 9th consecutive year of measuring the performance of top universities worldwide.
Harvard University tops the 2011 list; other Top 10 universities are:
1. Harvard University (USA)
2. Stanford University (USA)
3. Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT (USA)
4. University of California, Berkeley (USA)
5. University of Cambridge (UK)
6. California Institute of Technology Caltech (USA)
7. Princeton University (USA)
8. Columbia University (USA)
9. University of Chicago (USA)
10. University of Oxford (UK)
In Continental Europe, ETH Zurich (23rd) in Switzerland takes first place, followed by Paris-Sud (40th) and Pierre and Marie Curie (41st) in France. The best ranked universities in Asia are University of Tokyo (21st) and Kyoto University (27th) in Japan.
Three universities are ranked among Top 100 for the first time in the history of ARWU: University of Geneva (73rd), University of Queensland (88th) and University of Frankfurt (100th). As a result, the number of Top 100 universities in Switzerland, Australia and Germany increases to 4, 4 and 6 respectively.
Ten universities first enter into Top 500, among them University of Malaya in Malaysia and University of Zagreb in Croatia enable their home countries to be represented, together with other 40 countries, in the 2011 ARWU list.
Progress of universities in Middle East countries is remarkable. King Saud University in Saudi Arabia first appears in Top 300; King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals in Saudi Arabia, Istanbul University in Turkey and University of Teheran in Iran move up in Top 400 for the first time; Cairo University in Egypt is back to Top 500 after five years of staggering outside.
The number of Chinese universities in Top 500 increases to 35 in 2011, with National Taiwan University, Chinese University of Hong Kong, and Tsinghua University ranked among Top 200.
The Center for World-Class Universities of Shanghai Jiao Tong University also released the 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities by Broad Subject Fields (ARWU-FIELD) and 2011 Academic Ranking of World Universities by Subject Field (ARWU-SUBJECT).Top 100 universities in five broad subject fields and in five selected subject fields are listed, where the best five universities are:
Natural Sciences and Mathematics - Harvard, Berkeley, Princeton, Caltech and Cambridge
Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences - MIT, Stanford, Berkeley, UIUC and Georgia Tech
Life and Agriculture Sciences - Harvard, MIT, UC San Francisco, Cambridge and Washington (Seattle)
Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy - Harvard, UC San Francisco, Washington (Seattle), Johns Hopkins and Columbia
Social Sciences - Harvard, Chicago, MIT, Berkeley and Columbia
Mathematics - Princeton, Harvard, Berkeley, Stanford and Cambridge
Physics - MIT, Harvard, Caltech,Princeton and Berkeley
Chemistry - Harvard, Berkeley, Stanford, Cambridge and ETH Zurich
Computer Science - Stanford, MIT, Berkeley, Princeton and Harvard
Economics/Business - Harvard, Chicago, MIT, Berkeley and Columbia
The complete listsand detailed methodologies can be found at the Academic Ranking of World Universities website at http://www.ShanghaiRanking.com/.